In Transit

A load of notes covering most aspects of going out and returning safely.
NOTE, I am not a security professional in transit security.
There are accredited courses available on this subject.

If you have a vehicle, service it regularly.
Repair the little things.
Pay special attention to your tires for damage or wear.
NEVER drive on less than half a tank of fuel for local trips, a full tank on long trips when you should consider taking a jerrycan of fuel and the basics of car repairs for your vehicle. Don’t forget a map book that covers the whole route.

Be able to change a tire, inflate one, change fuses and bulbs. KNOW how to refill the oil, coolant, brake fluid, washer bottle, fuel tank.

Carry a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, tow rope, carjack, pressure gauge, foot pump, tire weld (fast puncture repair), coolant drive belt and a basic toolkit.

If you are winter driving, get and learn to fit snow chains/grips.

Always carry an emergency bag in case you get stranded.
Include water, energy bars, matches and a lighter, flares, a torch plus spare batteries and a bulb. Plus Blankets and a survival (mica) sheet to keep warm. Include a florescent strip to tie onto the car aerial. 2 inches wide, 2 meters long. This is a universally acknowledged ‘need assistance’ aid.

Carry two ways to communicate that do not need a base station.
That would be a handheld CB and HAM Radio.
IF YOU ARE TRAVELING WAY OFF GRID, include a EPIRB.

Is this a bit extreme?
1984, a family of four were found frozen to death on a snow blocked Scotland Road. What was wrong? A flat tire. The car fuel tank was empty and a diary was found telling of how they had run the engine to keep warm. They had none of the basics of survival and no winter clothing fit for purpose. They were only 7 miles from help.

So is this a bit extreme?

Personal Safety
You step out of your home and you are vulnerable.
This article looks at the use of a vehicle whether or not the Rule of Law has collapsed.

Before going outside.
When in transit you must keep alert. That alertness starts before you leave your home.
Most people work to a timetable especially if you go to work.
Routine is a weakness as it allows others to predict your movements and plan attacks.
So, vary your exit times and routes to and from your vehicle.
Use your street awareness. Look round INTELLIGENTLY before you exit.
BOLO for passerby’s, loiters, surveillance from vehicles, unfamiliar parked vehicles, even loose dogs.

Remember if something looks or feels wrong, it probably is.

Walking to the vehicle.
Even if your vehicle is just outside the front door you are still vulnerable but having to walk to a garage block or allocated parking space is tactically DANGEROUS.
Distance between home and your vehicle could turn into ambush and / or injury.
The time of day or even which day it is can change things as well.
Quiet, busy, school holidays, football matches, nightclubs, or the local pub turning out, and the whole safety situation can change. Weather can be a factor too.
Rain, fog, snow, ice, and high winds can all change your mobility and more importantly your visibility.

Load carrying.
Consider you laden down with whatever, walking to your vehicle, and turning your back to passer bys. (Even that nice guy who passes you same time every day).
Something happens and your hands are full could lead to you being attacked and unable to defend yourself.
Even if it doesn’t, juggling keys and loads means you are wasting time and concentrating on something else at the expense of your situational awareness. So don’t load yourself down.
If you have to carry lots and have passengers, consider splitting the load between them.
That’s difficult with kids but it’s a matter of worth.
What’s worth more? You free to defend you and your own or having to drop the laptop?
If you have to transport a large quantity of goods, either bring the vehicle to the load or make a few trips. Load first, kids last.

Other way round
i.e. You’re home or to your destination. Kids safe first, load last.

DON’T do the idiots trick of running in and out of the house leaving the engine running or leaving both doors unlocked and the trunk open. It may add a few seconds but opportunist thieves can pounce on the vehicle or your home whilst you shuttle between the two. You can’t be in both or defend them at the same time.

Worse case scenario? Kids in the car and the car gets nicked or,
Kids in the house, you locked outside, murderer inside.

Approaching your vehicle.
Remember assault and robbery can be carried out by men, women, youths, children, and even dogs.
If you are a single person, woman or not, if you can get help from a security person, do so.

Accompanied or not, street crime is usually violent and a boot, bottle, stick, knife, or gun makes no distinction about what sex or age you are.

When using a car park
Always park in well lit, popular, preferably valet or security manned, busy areas, especially if you plan to arrive or leave after dark or outside working hours.
Do not park in isolated or visually obstructed areas near walls or heavy foliage.
Always park so you can drive straight out.
If you need to use a child seat, never park on the road or in an unattended car park.
It doesn’t matter if it’s in the drive, a garage, or a car park.

TRUST YOUR INSTINCTS
If something looks or feels wrong, it probably is.

The approach to your vehicle should always be the same.
Don’t walk directly to your car, walk past it giving it a ‘covert’ once over before approaching it.
Think SITUATIONAL AWARENESS and BOLO for:-

Groups or lone persons in uniform or not.
Someone handing out flyers round your vehicle.
Persons watching you even if they are just sat on a bench eating burgers.
Persons sitting in cars watching even if it is a couple.
Damage or tampering like glued locks or flat tires.
Someone starts to approach you as you are walking to your vehicle.
Vans or large vehicles parked too close alongside your vehicle, or obstructing your exit route, or “forcing you” to use a route not of your choosing.

Referring to the close parked van.
If a sliding door is facing your drivers door, consider that it could open in a second and you could be grabbed. In a car park this sometimes occurs BUT you should get into your vehicle from the opposite side of the van. If in doubt, walk away and come back accompanied as an absolute minimum.

What about a van on either side or the car on the passenger side that is REALLY close?

If that doesn’t scream set up, nothing does. As above, if in doubt, walk away and come back accompanied as an absolute minimum. Any of the above should send you back home or to the venue to get security to accompany you.
It’s not being a wimp, it’s being streetwise.

As you get closer to your vehicle BOLO for:-
Flat tires.
Broken glass
Locks sealed over with glue or damaged
Doors, the trunk (boot), or hood (bonnet), ajar or open.
Wiper blades snapped off or missing

Spot something wrong and you should return to safety and get help. It may be just be vandalism, theft or, worse case, a distraction tactic for attack. Either way play safe and evacuate unless you have safety in numbers.

Safety in numbers and a flat tire means you could change it BUT beware of the helpful stranger. They could just be a wolf in sheep’s clothing i.e. They could attack you.

If everything is OK, take a final look behind the vehicle, the side you couldn’t see, and behind the drivers seat in the rear foot-well.

Getting In.
If everything is OK, unlock the car.
If applicable transfer the load (remembering about not turning your back), passengers first, load last.
GET IN, lock the door, and start the engine.
If the car starts OK, drive off. Don’t dally. DRIVE OFF!
The longer you sit, the better the chance of someone blocking you in or attacking you

Getting in with passengers.
Both passengers, especially children, should be encouraged to get in, and close their door, and strap in. With kids, training with reward is fun.
Try and get the time down as a game. It will soon turn automatic.
If you are seating a young child or baby, don’t turn your back on passer bys.
Put the people in the car first, then the dog, and then the luggage. Luggage you can replace, family you can’t.

Windows. (Too hot)
Occupants would like the windows open BUT resist that.
You stopped at a junction and a snatch theft or car invasion just got easy for the bad guys.

Windows. (Frosty or snow covered)
Load first, clear the glass once everyone is safely seated, strapped in, and the doors are locked.
DON’T just run the motor get out and start to clear the windows.
An opportunist thief could dive in and drive away whilst you are round the back.

The Leaflet Scam.
CAUTION. If you spot a leaflet under your windscreen wiper (usually the rear one), don’t stop to take it off. It’s a classic distraction technique to get you out of the car with the engine running.

Just drive off to somewhere distant and safe, then park, engine off, keys in hand, get out and dump the trash. NEVER GET OUT AND LEAVE THE ENGINE RUNNING.

What if the engine doesn’t start?
If you have safety in numbers, put someone in the drivers seat and if you can carry out repairs BUT if you are on your own, LOCK UP and return to the venue or your home and summon help.

As for the load?
Loads are best put in the boot (trunk), out of sight.
If you can’t do that, carry it away with yourself.

What if you break down?
Get your vehicle off the road if possible.
Call for assistance using your mobile, don’t try to fix the car yourself unless you have safety in numbers,.
ALWAYS DIAL 999 (911) if you are a lone female (with or without children), elderly, or a disabled person.
If you can’t phone, put a large sign in the window saying “call police, need help.”
If a police car, ambulance, or fire engine drives past, put your hand on the horn and flash your lights until they come to you.
In the day and in a busy place, put your hazards on and walk to safety.
If it’s night time, in a busy, well lit area, put on warm clothing, and walk streetwise to a lighted safe area i.e. a 24/7 shop, garage, or hotel.
If it is a desolate or deserted road, CALL FOR HELP.
Get warmly dressed, walk away from the car and go to some bushes, or some area away from your vehicle.

When driving BOLO for people following you.

Three reasons:-

Criminal activity (Car Jacking, insurance frauds, kidnap or worse).
Security. Don’t laugh as that as it includes the DWP, police, even private investigators.
It could also be road rage or a mentally unbalanced person.

If things get too “hairy”.
Be aware that they might ram you or cut in front of you to stop you escaping so leave plenty of room in front and behind.
Speed kills but don’t forget that on each side of the road there is a thing called a pavement or even footpaths.
Avoid fields unless you have a 4×4 with suitable tires.
If you are attacked by another car, try not to damage your car by smashing your way out of something, it’s better to push than smash.
If you have to push your way out of trouble, remember that to spin a car, aim just to the back of their rear axle but don’t smash into it, more accelerate through it.
CAUTION. Your car may turn towards the target vehicle as you do this so be ready to correct your steering.
Your sole aim is to get to a place of safety.

Unmarked Police cars
The following is advice for anyone who feels vulnerable were she (or he) to stop. In many cases there may be several of you in the vehicle or you are confident you can deal with the situation, in which case this advice may not be for you.

An unmarked police car can stop vehicles, but it must contain a constable who MUST be in uniform in order to carry out the stop.

If a car flashing for you to pull over or stop is unmarked, unless you are 100% certain it is the police, do not stop.
Drive steadily to the nearest public place (for example a petrol station where they are open till late, a police station or somewhere there are a lot of people) and then stop.
If you are in a relatively deserted area, as a last resort, consider looking for a house that is obviously occupied and pull into the driveway. (You can always apologize to the householder afterwards.)

Try and signal that you have acknowledged the request to stop and indicate the action you are taking (put your flashers on or signal by pointing from the driver’s window etc.).
Don’t drive off at great speed making the police think you are trying to get away.

Keep the doors locked until you are happy it is the police. Have your mobile at hand just in case. You can ask to see a warrant card, which should carry a name and photograph, through the closed window.

Regularly check your mirror for a vehicle following you.
A single “tail” is easy to spot. They must stay close enough to keep you in sight, yet far enough away to avoid detection. This will make their driving erratic with a delay on signalling, lane changes, and poor speed to distance control.
If you think you are being followed, go direct to a police station whilst calling the police on your mobile.
Never try to outrun them. speed kills.
Never stop and challenge them. They could be armed.
If you see a passing police car, sound your horn and flash your lights to stop them.
In the mean time, drive on busy popular roads and keep plenty of space in front of you in case they try to swerve in front.

Unsure if you are being followed?
Stop for gas (fuel) or go to a drive through takeaway. Wait for a bit, then resume driving. if the vehicle resumes the tail, they could be trailing you.

HUGE CAUTION HERE. Bad driving technique could cause accidents.
At traffic lights, indicate but don’t turn, or don’t indicate but turn at the last moment. If they follow you that’s suspicious but don’t jump a red light unless they get out of their car and approach you on foot.
At a roundabout, exit sharply without indicating or indicate a turn off but don’t turn, You could even double back. (definitely a good one for detection.)
Arrival at your destination.
If you are approaching home with a tail don’t pull up outside your home as they will then know where you live.

The Car Insurance Scam
You may be at a junction or red light and be rear ended or even side swiped.
If you are alone, disabled, or an all female group, don’t get out of the car.
CALL THE POLICE AND AN AMBULANCE if your car is disabled and think you are injured in anyway.
Indicate for them to follow you and head for the nearest police station or very public place whilst phoning the police for assistance.
Then, there, if they want to exchange insurance details, do it from behind a locked door and through a window slit in public.

NEVER HAND YOUR DOCUMENTS TO THEM.
They can copy them through the window.
NEVER “Sort this out with a cash payment to avoid inconvenience”.
NEVER give your details without seeing theirs first AND a form of photo ID.
IF THEY HAVE NO DOCUMENTS, ASSUME A SCAM and dial 999, 911

IN PUBLIC,
If you have a camera, take photographs of the supposed damage and of the driver and their passengers. If they protest, that’s a definite sign of a scam
If you are in the car, KEEP YOUR ENGINE GOING just in case things turn nasty.
DO NOT ALLOW THEM TO BOX YOU IN.
If they try to and won’t move, consider it a hostile act.
If it was definitely their fault, definitely assume a scam.

TRUST YOUR INSTINCTS
If something looks or feels wrong, it probably is.

SECURITY 101. NEVER GET OUT OF THE CAR IF YOU ARE ON YOUR OWN.
Turn on your lights and flashers, lock your door.
IF there are others around, hold down your horn.
You must attract attention and a crowd is something bad guys HATE.


IF YOU ARE THREATENED.
(This advice is dangerous and possibly illegal).

If they have guns or weapons (and don’t just shoot you through the glass).
UNDERSTAND AND KNOW THAT YOU ARE BEHIND THE WHEEL OF A 1 TONNE MALLET. SO USE IT.

You’ve got little to lose as once you are out of the car, you are at the mercy of the carjackers / road rage moron.

Try to disable their cars by aiming at the area just behind their front tire.
Remember the ‘weak point’ on most cars is there.
Use reverse and the trunk of your car as the head of the MALLET. ONLY BE CAREFUL NOT TO STALL.
If you have a manual gear shift, AS YOU PUSH/THUMP THEM, DEPRESS THAT CLUTCH.

The object is to make space for you to escape.
It is unlikely they will chase you BUT in the event they do, don’t try to outrun them as speed could literally be the death of you.
So, pressing your head back into the head rest, brake check them.
Remember the rear of your car is the tough point.
Only if they are in a bigger, meaner, 4X4, you may just wreck your car.
In other words, use commonsense.

If they come up alongside you, slam on your brakes pressing your head into the head rest. There is little they can do if they are in front of you apart from brake check you.
Let them pull ahead, make space. If they stop, go around them.

Phoning for help.
If you can safely, do it.
BEFORE taking any independent action.
Once you are moving,
DON’T TRY TO USE A MOBILE unless it is voice activated and hands free.

Now all this needs to be thought out before hand.
You need to learn and practice your defensive driving tactics.
Consider going on a defensive driving course BUT ONLY if that course includes practical training on how to get out of an aggressive scenario.
Who is best to ask?
There are proper accredited schools out there.
If all else fails, approach the police.
If that fails, consider thinking outside of the box.
Stock cars, 4×4 clubs, and EMT/fire appliance drivers.

A Note on getting lost.
It’s good security to inform ‘someone reliable’ what your plans are, the route you’re following, and your ETA.
Know where you are driving to and don’t rely on a GPS to route you safely through unknown areas.
Always carry a street map with the police, fire stations, and hospitals, etc. marked on the map.
NEVER TRUST A GPS!
Remember the name of the last and current road you are on.
If possible, try to keep on the major thoroughfares.
Update your ‘someone reliable’ if your plans change.
If you get lost don’t stop in unknown areas and get out to ask for directions.
Go to a drive through, 24/7 supermarket, or police station

Finally when you arrive don’t forget to update your ‘someone reliable’ or work.

What sort of a prepper am I?

Why is it I keep on being asked this??
Probably because I keep on using the statement:-
Why worry about what can kill you in 10 years time
When there is so much that can kill you today.

So, to answer the post title question.
Pretty poor (money wise) would be the first comment.
What STYLE (if there is such a thing) am I would be the starting point.

What I’m not is a traditional ‘FORTRESS’ prepper.
That sort of prepper lays in extensive stocks and equipment to survive “most anything”, living ‘comfortably’, within their own home or a custom hardened shelter or BOL Bug out Location, until the scenario returns to normal OR someone comes to save them.  I gave up that notion some 14 years ago.

I’m not a run for the hills prepper.
Because I think that’s pretty stupid unless you are forced to do so as living off the land indefinitely is a young person’s game and not practical in a CBRN or a highly regulated and police state that you’ll find in the UK. Plus we are definitely not ‘young’ anymore. 

However this doesn’t mean I won’t bug out (self evacuate).
BUT, I will only use that option if all else fails.
If I do have to bug out, I will revert to another aspect of prepping (if not survivalism), foraging for what I need. 
If that is caused by flooding, it is unlikely that we would return to our home apart from recovering items.

That foraging would include the prepper mantra of Adequate Shelter, Clean Water, Adequate Climate control, fuels, Sanitation, local supplies, Personal Meds, and Security.

So where and what is me?
We do prep in the conventional way.
We have laid in supplies which has kept us sustained well over the last year. Although it’s been a rolling use and replace system.
We have good shelter (our home), basic equipment, water storage, sanitation and security. Yet, we do live in a historically vulnerable place for flooding. i.e 500 m from the sea. So bugging out or self evacuation is on the agenda if required.

What’s missing? What’s the extra?
Life experience has equipped me with the skill set to forage for what I need (As per the prepper mantra listed above) IF I CAN’T GET IT ANY OTHER WAY.

Can I questions.
Can I live off the land? Yep, I have good field skills.
Can I trap and fish? Yep, as well as shoot.
Can I gain access? Yep, If required. Into hardened facilities? Yep.
Can I defend us? Yep if required.
In short I’ve a scary set of practical foraging  and other skills.
Most of which aren’t age or physical ability restricted.

Prepper or survivalist.
A prepper lays in supplies and equipment in order to survive the forthcoming storm. They will then use their skills to survive that storm with what they have stashed away until rescued or the scenario has finished.
A survivalist will keep a minimal stock of essential items to survive the same storm but trains to live off the land by foraging for what they need. Thus they will generally remain mobile and that means their lifestyle will be basic, a little harder and uncomfortable, and arguably more dangerous, than a fortress prepper.

So, who and what am I?
I’m a prepper with what some would say is a questionable set of morals because I will take what I need to survive if I cannot source it from anywhere else.

Any questions??

How complex does it need to be?

Survival I mean.
The basics of Shelter, Water, Fire, Food, and Hygiene.
How to Sleep. So many forget sleep.
Acquiring what you need by foraging, hunting, trapping, fishing.
Getting to somewhere on the rush, and back if appropriate.
Surviving the environment that may be too hot, too cold, too wet, too dry, and too windy.
Surviving a man made hostile environment  like CBRN contamination.
The “When to stay in and why, and how to work outside bit”.

Then there is a war, conflict, civil unrest, big brother, the state, thieves and marauders.
When you look back at disasters, especially where the infrastructure of government isn’t capable of ‘saving you’ or, more probably, don’t give a sh’t about you, then survival can get complex fast.

The basics still stand, the problems are usually caused by others.
So what’s the answer to that?
Is there a basic plan you can adopt to suit every contingency when dealing with others?
There seems to be a few basic thoughts going around.

  • Get armed,
  • Get co-operative as there is safety in numbers,
  • Or go lone wolf to small unit or family/friend group.

Yet none of them work in all cases and ignore the obvious.
People will do anything to survive or cash in on another’s misfortune and use opportunity aka looting for gain.

So I’ve jotted down a few thoughts about these three main thought processes.
See what you think.

Get Armed.
OK, makes sense for hunting (sort of) and self defence, if not for offensive action.
Will being armed get you shelter, water, food, and anything else you need?
Yep, maybe, and it can make life easy too.
You either throw out the owner, rob them, enslave them, or kill them.
Until the next guy comes along.
But Hey, you’re armed so that isn’t a problem, or is it? YES IT IS!
Mainly because of the stupid notion some will hold that they can cope against anyone.
A question.
Is there ever going to be anyone out there that will be better equipped, trained, more experienced in combat, or more motivated than you, let alone luckier with a gun ?
If you say no then I think you’re a fool.

Get co-operative.
This can be good if you have already established ‘local connections’.
The problems can be leadership and other groups you may encounter.
That and joining a group.

Leadership.
You can’t work together in harmony unless someone is organising things.
In survival or even life, there is seldom a case when ‘management by common consensus’ works.
I think of it as too many minds.
Some will not be thinking common good, others will just be looking for leadership.
Some will resent working with others, for others, putting their needs above all.
Some simply won’t share what they have got with others.
There will always be ones who hate being ‘organised and controlled’ .
That’s human nature for you.
Thus working in a group will require leadership qualities and discipline.
Enforced at times on those who will instinctively rebel.
Enforcement. Wow, doesn’t that open a can of worms.

As for other groups?
For all the above reasons, they will be out to gain for their own.
Yet the merging of resources, manual and material can be good  BUT we are back to leadership and now diplomacy.
Gawd this is sounding more like modern life, government, and precisely the same mix that probably caused the breakdown (in the case of civil upset or conflict) in the first place.
So what you’ve got to ask yourself and everyone is what do they want to do about others. It’s a discussion that needs to happen WELL BEFORE the event happens.

Once that principle has been agreed on by everyone, without any dissenters as they will cause your group problems should such an event occur, you’ve got to stick to it and that “STICKABILITY” will be down to the groups leadership. Almost a dictatorship is a leader during a survival scenario and as such something not very attractive to everyone.

So now I have to revisit enforcement within a group because in survival you may need to order a course of action. What to do about those who won’t ‘tow the line’, obey, or whatever term you want to use.

I can think of no worse case than a group turning on itself for survival.
Yet in the case of CBRN it can be vital to enforce a discipline that everyone abides with.
Take a contagion, something simple like flu.
In a grid down scenario medical care may be basic so now you may have few choices.

  • Let the person spread the illness possibly endangering all,
  • Put them into imposed quarantine, or
  • Eject them until they have got better, or died.

With a family that’s going to be tough. Either an adult or child getting ill, it doesn’t matter. Their blood ties will rebel at being separated because of the desire to help one of their own. They can’t help it but the leadership may have to enforce it.
Seeing someone being controlled or at worse ejected or ‘humanely put down’, someone ill, especially in a well established group will cause stress.
The voice of reason, the obvious dangers, even agreements, will be tested at that time.
Illness and not something simple like dissent and can be disastrous to a group.

Funny thing is you don’t read a lot about dealing with this in prepper or the survivalist mantras.
That’s because the whole concept is emotive.
Those who have experienced it will vouch for that.
I’m thinking triage and treatment in combat there.
With someone who has no hope of survival and you having limited resources and others you can save. What are you going to do about them?
Abandon them, put them out of their misery, or what.
It’s too easy to suggest a solution for everything and foolish.
Everything is subject to what is going on at that time.

No, I’m not dodging the issue but have experienced the results of decisions taken and have also been grateful for those who did not give up on me. Hence I’m well biased.

OK, Onward!
Lone wolf, small combat group or ‘family unit’.
The thing they may have in common is flexibility and the ability to keep moving, foraging for what they need but being small enough to roam.

There is however a glaring fault within this heading and that is the lone wolf.
Let’s talk about just two things, SLEEP and health.
To sleep safe is damn difficult when you are on your own.
Even with a companion dog, there will be times when someone is vulnerable.
As for getting sick or injured?
Stitching up a wound on your back when you can’t see it is difficult enough but administering medicine when you can’t move would be worse. A slow lonely decline to death is what most would fear.

Plus what would you do if you came across others?
The meet and greet bit, the ownership of what you ‘find’ disputed by another.
If it was a group and you engaged or just upset them, one against many may work (in Hollywood) but in real life a well organised group may choose to hunt you down.
As for you bring sick and asking for help in an austere scenario?
We’re back to triage and what they do about it. You are at their mercy when you are alone.

No matter what you may feel, there is safety in numbers, with people you have trained with or simply you are part of.

And finally that title.
How complex does it need to be?
Bullets, beans and bandages is the simplistic view of some.
Military styled groups for another.
Family and friends units for others
Communes / communities / colonies for the rest
And a few who still think their government will save them no matter what.

It’s not simple at all is it. As complex as hell and then some.